New Publication: An Introduction to the Analysis of Shotgun Metagenomic Data

I was recently invited to submit a review on the analysis of metagenomic sequence data. The manuscript, entitled "An Introduction to the Analysis of Shotgun Metagenomic Data" has been published as part of a special topics edition of Frontiers in Plant Science. I've not done much work in plant systems in the past, though I'm hopeful that this publication may help inspire some collaborations in this area.

The abstract follows.

Environmental DNA sequencing has revealed the expansive biodiversity of microorganisms and clarified the relationship between host-associated microbial communities and host phenotype. Shotgun metagenomic DNA sequencing is a relatively new and powerful environmental sequencing approach that provides insight into community biodiversity and function. But, the analysis of metagenomic sequences is complicated due to the complex structure of the data. Fortunately, new tools and data resources have been developed to circumvent these complexities and allow researchers to determine which microbes are present in the community and what they might be doing. This review describes the analytical strategies and specific tools that can be applied to metagenomic data and the considerations and caveats associated with their use. Specifically, it documents how metagenomes can be analyzed to quantify community structure and diversity, assemble novel genomes, identify new taxa and genes, and determine which metabolic pathways are encoded in the community. It also discusses several methods that can be used compare metagenomes to identify taxa and functions that differentiate communities.